Wahler, R. G., & Fox, J. J. (1981).
Setting events in applied behavior analysis: Toward a conceptual and methodological expansion.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis,
The contributions of applied behavior analysis as a natural
science approach to the study of human behavior are acknowledged.
However, it is also argued that applied behavior analysis has
provided limited access to the full range of environmental events
that influence socially significant behavior. Recent changes in
applied behavior analysis to include analysis of side effects and
social validation represent ways in which the traditional applied
behavior analysis conceptual and methodological model has been
profitably expanded. A third area of expansion, the analysis of
setting events, is proposed by the authors. The historical
development of setting events as a behavior influence concept is
traced. Modifications of the basic applied behavior analysis
methodology and conceptual systems that seem necessary to setting
event analysis are discussed and examples of descriptive and
experimental setting event analyses are presented.