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Search results for: self-control in journal "Jaba"

44 results found.
Author(s): Rosenbaum, M. S., & Drabman, R. S.

Year:
1979
   Volume: 12
   Pages: 467-485
... Rosenbaum, M. S., Drabman, R. S. (1979). Self-control training in the classroom: A review and critique. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 467-485.Self-control training in classroom settings is becoming widespread. Establishing effective self- rather than externally-controlled behavior modification programs in schools would enable children to control their own academic and social behavior, while enabling teachers to devote more time to teaching. The following components of self-control are reviewed in the present article: self-recording, self-evaluation, self-determination of contingencies ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/12/12-467.Htm
Author(s): Vollmer, T. R., Borrero, J. C., Lalli, J. S., & Daniel, D.

Year:
1999
   Volume: 32
   Pages: 451-466
... Vollmer, T. R., Borrero, J. C., Lalli, J. S.,& Daniel, D. (1999). Evaluating self-control and impulsivity in children with severe behavior disorders. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 32, 451-466.Impulsivity and self-control involve a choice between a smaller, more immediate reinforcer and a larger, more delayed reinforcer. Impulsive behavior occurs when responding produces the more immediate, relatively smaller reinforcers at the expense of delayed larger reinforcers. Self-control occurs when responding produces delayed larger ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/32/_32-451.Htm
Author(s): Christopher J. Perrin & Nancy A. Neef

Year:
2012
   Volume: 45
   Pages: 299-313
... Christopher J. Perrin Nancy A. Neef (2012). Further analysis of variables that affect self-control with aversive events. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 299-313.The purpose of this study was to examine variables that affect self-control in the context of academic task completion by elementary school children with autism. In the baseline assessment of Study 1, mathematics problem completion was shown to be an aversive event, and sensitivity to task magnitude, task difficulty, and delay to task completion were measured. The effects of manipulating values ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/45/_45-299.htm
Author(s): Dorothea C. Lerman, Laura R. Addison, & Tiffany Kodak

Year:
2006
   Volume: 39
   Pages: 227-232
... Dorothea C. Lerman, Laura R. Addison, Tiffany Kodak. (2006) A preliminary analysis of self-control with aversive events: The effects of task magnitude and delay on the choices of children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 227-232.When faced with a choice between two aversive events, a person exhibits self-control by choosing a smaller, more immediate aversive event over a larger, delayed aversive event. Task demands are often aversive to children with autism and other developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/39/_39-227.Htm
Author(s): Matthew H. Newquist, Claudia L. Dozier, & Pamela L. Neidert

Year:
2012
   Volume: 45
   Pages: 497-509
... Matthew H. Newquist, Claudia L. Dozier, Pamela L. Neidert (2012). A comparison of the effects of brief rules, a timer, and preferred toys on self-control. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 497-509.Some children make impulsive choices (i.e., choose a small but immediate reinforcer over a large but delayed reinforcer). Previous research has shown that delay fading, providing an alternative activity during the delay, teaching participants to repeat a rule during the delay, combining delay fading with an ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/45/_45-497.htm
Author(s): Glynn, E. L., Thomas, J. D., & Shee, S. M.

Year:
1973
   Volume: 6
   Pages: 105-113
... Glynn, E. L., Thomas, J. D., Shee, S. M. (1973). Behavioral self-control of on-task behavior in an elementary classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 6, 105-113.Techniques of behavioral self-control were employed in a class where a high level of on-task behavior had been established with externally administered reinforcement procedures. The behavioral self-control techniques maintained behavior at its ongoing high level both immediately following the externally administered reinforcement treatments and during follow-up treatments after five and seven weeks. Variability in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/06/6-105.Htm
Author(s): Binder, L. M., Dixon, M. R., & Ghezzi, P. M.

Year:
2000
   Volume: 33
   Pages: 233-237
... Binder, L. M., Dixon, M. R.,& Ghezzi, P. M. (2000). A procedure to teach self-control to children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 233-237.This study examined the use of a progressive delay procedure combined with verbal mediation to teach self-control to children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Results showed that when participants were initially given the choice between an immediate smaller reinforcer and a larger delayed reinforcer, all participants chose the smaller reinforcer ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/33/_33-233.HTM
Author(s): Dixon, M. R., & Holcoumb, S.

Year:
2000
   Volume: 33
   Pages: 611-614
... Dixon, M. R.,& Holcoumb, S. (2000). Teaching self-control to small groups of dually diagnosed adults. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33, 611-614.The present study examined the use of a progressive delay procedure to teach self-control to two groups of dually diagnosed adults. When given a choice between an immediate smaller reinforcer and a larger delayed reinforcer, both groups chose the smaller reinforcer during baseline. During treatment, progressive increases in work requirements for gaining access to a larger reinforcer resulted in both ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/33/_33-611.HTM
Author(s): Dixon, M. R., Hayes, L. J., Binder, L. M., Manthey, S., Sigman, C., & Zdanowski, D. M.

Year:
1998
   Volume: 31
   Pages: 203-210
... Dixon, M. R., Hayes, L. J., Binder, L. M., Manthey, S., Sigman, C.,& Zdanowski, D. M. (1998). Using a self-control training procedure to increase appropriate behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 31, 203-210.The present study evaluated a technique for teaching self-control and increasing desirable behaviors among adults with developmental disabilities. Results showed that when participants were initially given the choice between an immediate smaller reinforcer and a larger delayed ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/31/_31-203.Htm
Author(s): Mark R. Dixon & Pamela A. Tibbetts

Year:
2009
   Volume: 42
   Pages: 243-252
... Mark R. Dixon Pamela A. Tibbetts. (2009). The effects of choice on self-control. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 243-252.Three adolescents with traumatic brain injury performed a physical therapy task in the absence of programmed consequences or duration requirements. Next, the experimenter gave the participants the options of a smaller immediate reinforcer with no response requirement or a larger delayed reinforcer with a response requirement. Self-control training exposed participants to a procedure during which they chose between a smaller immediate reinforcer and a progressively increasing delayed ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/42/_42-243.htm
Author(s): Neef, N. A., Bicard, D. F., & Endo, S.

Year:
2001
   Volume: 34
   Pages: 397-408
... Neef, N. A., Bicard, D. F.,& Endo, S. (2001). Assessment of impulsivity and the development of self-control in students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 397-408.We examined a combined approach of manipulating reinforcer dimensions and delay fading to promote the development of self- control with 3 students diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. First, we administered a brief computer-based assessment to determine the relative influence of reinforcer rate (R ), reinforcer ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/34/_34-397.HTM
Author(s): Thomas, J. D.

Year:
1976
   Volume: 9
   Pages: 209-210
... 7, 299-306) and extended those findings, by studying self-assessment over a longer span of time. The 31 children in the class ranged in age from 7 yr five months to 8 yr six months. Although only eight problem children were observed and studied, the self-control treatment procedures were applied to all children in the class. Behavior was observed daily during mathematics lessons for over eight school weeks. The study utilized a five-phase ABABC design, where the A phases were baseline periods, B phases were self-control periods, and C phase was ...
Terms matched: 1  -  4k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/09/9-209.Htm
Author(s): O'Leary, S. G., & Dubey, D. R.

Year:
1979
   Volume: 12
   Pages: 449-465
... O'Leary, S. G., Dubey, D. R. (1979). Applications of self-control procedures by children: A review. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 449-465.Self-control procedures as used by children to affect their own behavior were reviewed. Particular emphasis was placed on self-instruction, self-determined criteria, self-assessment, and self-reinforcement. Self-punishment, comprehensive programs, and innovative self-control procedures (distraction and restatement of contingencies) were also evaluated. Basic effectiveness, comparisons with similar externally imposed interventions, maintenance, and the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/12/12-449.Htm
Author(s): Glynn, E. L., & Thomas, J. D.

Year:
1974
   Volume: 7
   Pages: 299-306
... Glynn, E. L., Thomas, J. D. (1974). Effect of cueing on self-control of classroom behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 7, 299-306.Behavioral self-control procedures, composed of self-assessment, self-recording, self-determination and administration of reinforcement, were introduced into a regular third-grade classroom immediately after a baseline period. The procedures produce a small and unstable increase in the level of on-task behavior in eight of the nine subjects. After a second baseline period, a cueing procedure was introduced, using a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/07/7-299.Htm
Author(s): Stevenson, H. C., & Fantuzzo, J. W.

Year:
1986
   Volume: 19
   Pages: 269-276
... Stevenson, H. C., Fantuzzo, J. W. (1986). The generality and social validity of a competency-based self-control training intervention for underachieving students. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 19, 269-276.We evaluated the effectiveness, generality, and social validity of a modified version of a competency-based self-control package developed by Stevenson and Fantuzzo (1984). Three underachieving fifth-grade students were trained to use this intervention to increase their arithmetic proficiency. Results indicated that the intervention produced improved arithmetic performance. Moreover, all possible ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/19/19-269.Htm
Author(s): Marguerite L. Hoerger & F. Charles Mace

Year:
2006
   Volume: 39
   Pages: 147-159
... Marguerite L. Hoerger F. Charles Mace. (2006) A computerized test of self-control predicts classroom behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 147-159.We assessed choices on a computerized test of self-control (CTSC) for a group of children with features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and a group of controls. Thirty boys participated in the study. Fifteen of the children had been rated by their parents as hyperactive and inattentive, and 15 were age- and gender-matched controls in the same classroom. The ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/39/_39-147.Htm
Author(s): Dixon, M. R., & Cummings, A.

Year:
2001
   Volume: 34
   Pages: 491-495
... Dixon, M. R.,& Cummings, A. (2001). Self-control in children with autism: Response allocation during delays to reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 491-495.This study examined the use of a progressive-delay schedule of reinforcement to increase self-control and decrease disruptive behavior in children with autism. When initially given the choice between an immediate smaller reinforcer and a larger delayed reinforcer, all participants chose the smaller reinforcer. When access to the larger reinforcer required either no activity or engaging in a concurrent ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/34/_34-491.HTM
Author(s): Stevenson, H. C., & Fantuzzo, J. W.

Year:
1984
   Volume: 17
   Pages: 203-212
... Stevenson, H. C., Fantuzzo, J. W. (1984). Application of the generalization map to a self-control intervention with school-aged children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 17, 203-212.The assessment of generalization has become a priority of applied behavior analysis. This study provided a thorough assessment of the generality of a comprehensive self-control intervention. This intervention incorporated a number of self-management skills and was designed to increase the math performance of an underachieving student in a regular elementary school classroom. All possible classes of generalization ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/17/17-203.Htm
Author(s): James, J. E.

Year:
1981
   Volume: 14
   Pages: 25-37
... James, J. E. (1981). Behavioral self-control of stuttering using time-out from speaking. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14, 25-37.Research has shown that stuttering may be attenuated by a variety of response-contingent consequences. To date, however, few attempts have been made to develop comprehensive clinical procedures based on the operant manipulation of stuttering. The present research examined the efficacy of self-initiated response-contingent time-out from speaking in two experiments involving a single subject. Multiple baseline designs were used in which the subject's speech was monitored in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/14/14-025.Htm
Author(s): Wallace, I.

Year:
1977
   Volume: 10
   Pages: 515-525
... Wallace, I. (1977). Self-control techniques of famous novelists. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 515-525.A statement by a famous contemporary novelist is presented that indicates how he and others, independently of formal behaviorism, used behavioristic methods- specifically, self-recording charts and regularly scheduled daily work hours- to accelerate and maintain their writing outputs. On the basis of his statement and an analysis of his self-recorded data, it is argued that a meaningful and useful analogy can be drawn between writing a novel and emitting ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/10/10-515.Htm
Author(s): Dixon, M. R., Horner, M. J., & Guercio, J.

Year:
2003
   Volume: 36
   Pages: 371-374
... Dixon, M. R., Horner, M. J.,& Guercio, J. (2003). Self-control and the preference for delayed reinforcement: An example in brain injury. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 371-374.We investigated the effects of a concurrent physical therapy activity (keeping the hand open) during delays to reinforcement in an adult man with acquired brain injuries. Once a relatively stable level of hand-open behavior was obtained, the participant was asked to choose between a small immediate reinforcer and a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/36/_36-371.HTM
Author(s): Sowers, J.-A., Verdi, M., Bourbeau, P., & Sheehan, M.

Year:
1985
   Volume: 18
   Pages: 81-85
... Sowers, J .-A., Verdi, M., Bourbeau, P., Sheehan, M. (1985). Teaching job independence and flexibility to mentally retarded students through the use of a self-control package. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 81-85.We examined mentally retarded individuals' use of picture cues and self-monitoring to initiate a series of tasks of varying type and order. Four severely to moderately retarded high school students participating in a vocational training program were trained to use a picture-cue system. The system consisted ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/18/18-081.Htm
Author(s): Epstein, R.

Year:
1997
   Volume: 30
   Pages: 545-568
... a remarkably productive, creative, and happy individual, in large part because of his expertise in self-management, a set of self-change skills that derive to some extent from his own scientific and theoretical work. Skinner's ardent defense of determinism appears to conflict with his views on self-control; although determinism can be reconciled with these views, we would be best served by dispensing with the &quotsm" and focusing instead on relevant data and data-driven theories. Contemporary research on self-control has diverged from Skinner's formulation in a number of ways, especially in focusing ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/30/30-545.Htm
Author(s): Epstein, R.

Year:
1997
   Volume: 30
   Pages: 545-568
... a remarkably productive, creative, and happy individual, in large part because of his expertise in self-management, a set of self-change skills that derive to some extent from his own scientific and theoretical work. Skinner's ardent defense of determinism appears to conflict with his views on self-control; although determinism can be reconciled with these views, we would be best served by dispensing with the &quotsm" and focusing instead on relevant data and data-driven theories. Contemporary research on self-control has diverged from Skinner's formulation in a number of ways, especially in focusing ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/30/_30-545.Htm
Author(s): Mark R. Dixon & Terry S. Falcomata

Year:
2004
   Volume: 37
   Pages: 101-105
... Mark R. Dixon Terry S. Falcomata (2004). Preference for progressive delays and concurrent physical therapy exercise in an adult with acquired brain injury. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 101-105.The purpose of this study was to increase self-control and engagement in a physical therapy task (head holding) for a man with acquired traumatic brain injury. Once impulsivity was observed (i.e., repeated impulsive choices), an experimental condition was introduced that consisted of choices between a small immediate reinforcer, a large fixed-delay reinforcer ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/37/_37-101.Htm
Author(s): Stromer, R., McComas, J. J., & Rehfeldt, R. A.

Year:
2000
   Volume: 33
   Pages: 359-371
... . As illustrations, we examine articles from the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior that analyzed delayed reinforcement with respect to response allocation (A. M. Williams& Lattal, 1999), stimulus chaining (B. A. Williams, 1999), and self-control (Jackson& Hackenberg, 1996). These studies help to clarify the conditions under which delayed reinforcement (a) exercises control of behavior, (b) entails conditioned reinforcement, and (c) displaces the effects of immediate reinforcement. The research has applied implications ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/33/_33-359.HTM
Author(s): Dixon, M. R., Rehfeldt, R. A., & Randich, L.

Year:
2003
   Volume: 36
   Pages: 263-266
... participants with moderate to profound mental retardation were exposed to choices between an immediate small amount and a delayed larger amount of a preferred reinforcer. All participants initially showed a relatively high preference for the smaller reinforcer, suggesting impulsive choice making. However this preference reversed, suggesting self-control, when the larger reinforcer was available immediately and, over time, its delay was gradually increased. Results highlight the potential utility of incorporating concurrent activities into self- control training paradigms. DESCRIPTORS: _choice, delayed reinforcement, developmental disabilities, impulsivity, self-control ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/36/_36-263.HTM
Author(s): Allison N. Kurti & Jesse Dallery

Year:
2012
   Volume: 45
   Pages: 229-240
... brain disease, but instead is an example of typical everyday choice that is both voluntary and self-destructive. This review highlights Heyman's arguments for conceptualizing addiction as choice and discusses the utility of the treatment implications that are derived from the melioration model in which Heyman frames addiction. Self-control and behavioral economics are presented as additional complementary frameworks for understanding addiction as choice, from which pragmatic, evidence-based treatments for addiction (e.g., contingency management) might more easily be derived. Key words: addiction, operant behavior, self-control, behavioral economics ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/45/_45-229.htm
Author(s): Allen, K. D.

Year:
1998
   Volume: 31
   Pages: 489-492
... habit-reversal procedures delivered in a multiple baseline design across settings. Modest results led to additional supporting contingencies, including response cost. Results showed elimination of disruptive outbursts during both nontournament and tournament matches and highlight the importance of adding additional supporting contingencies to simplified habit reversal for some self-control problems. DESCRIPTORS: habit reversal, athletic performance, self-control ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/31/_31-489.Htm
Author(s): Neef, N. A., Mace, F. C., & Shade, D.

Year:
1993
   Volume: 26
   Pages: 37-52
... C., Shade, D. (1993). Impulsivity in students with serious emotional disturbance: The interactive effects of reinforcer rate, delay, and quality. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 37-52.We conducted two studies extending basic matching research on self-control and impulsivity to the investigation of choices of students diagnosed as seriously emotionally disturbed. In Study 1 we examined the interaction between unequal rates of reinforcement and equal versus unequal delays to reinforcer access on performance of concurrently available sets of math problems. The results of a reversal ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/26/26-037.Htm
Author(s): Critchfield, T. S., & Kollins, S. H.

Year:
2001
   Volume: 34
   Pages: 101-122
... : Basic research and the analysis of socially important behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 101-122.Recent basic research on human temporal discounting is reviewed to illustrate procedures, summarize key findings, and draw parallels with both nonhuman animal research and conceptual writings on self-control. Lessons derived from this research are then applied to the challenge of analyzing socially important behaviors such as drug abuse, eating and exercise, and impulsiveness associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attending to the broader temporal context in which behavior occurs may aid in the analysis ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/34/_34-101.HTM
Author(s): Loro, A. D., Jr., Fisher, E. B., Jr., & Levenkron, J. C.

Year:
1979
   Volume: 12
   Pages: 141-155
... procedure developed by Stuart (1967), which emphasizes situational engineering (SE), was compared to eating behavior control (EBC), a treatment employing reinforcement of changes in eating habits. A third treatment encouraged development of individuals' own applications of a model of self-control and attempted to provide effective feedback regarding progress toward weight-loss goals. This self-initiated treatment (SI) was designed to be less directive than many behavioral treatment packages and to be more realistic about the expectations of subjects and the actual eating habits of overweight and normalweight people. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/12/12-141.Htm
Author(s): Giebenhain, J. E., & O'Dell, S. L.

Year:
1984
   Volume: 17
   Pages: 121-125
... children's fear of the dark. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 17, 121-125.We evaluated the effectiveness of a manual to teach parents how to help their children overcome fear of the dark. The primary components of the package included desensitization, reinforcement, and verbal self-control statements. Six fearful children ages 3-11 and their parents participated. A multiple-baseline design across three pairs of matched subjects was used. Outcome measures consisted of the level of nighttime illumination voluntarily set by the child on a rheostat installed in the bedroom and the child's subjective rating ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/17/17-121.Htm
Author(s): Cuvo, A. J.

Year:
1999
   Volume: 32
   Pages: 535-537
... functional assessment and single-subject designs. These chapters could be read separately, and some instructors may wish to assign them earlier, perhaps after Part I. Part V turns to how the previous material can be integrated into larger scale treatment programs, such as token economies, self-control strategies, systematic self-desensitization, cognitive behavior modification, and nine areas of clinical behavior therapy. Approximately one page is devoted to each topic of clinical behavior therapy (e.g., anxiety disorders, depression, obesity, habit disorders), enough to inform students of the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  9k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/32/_32-535.Htm
Author(s): Josephson, S. C., & Rosen, R. C.

Year:
1980
   Volume: 13
   Pages: 373-378
... health risk. We are reporting the first experimental study of simple behavioral techniques for the modification of chronic snoring. Twenty-four volunteers participated in a repeated measures, randomized group design over 2 weeks of intervention and one-month follow-up. Treatment groups included a contingent-awakening and breathing retraining (self-control) condition. Both treatment groups were compared to a no-treatment control. Despite considerable intra-subject variability and the lack of an adequate attention-placebo control group, objective assessment indicated a substantial reduction in snoring amplitude and frequency in both treatment groups. Follow-up assessments further demonstrated maintenance of change ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/13/13-373.Htm
Author(s): Elder, S. T., Welsh, D. M., Longacre, A., Jr., & McAfee, R.

Year:
1977
   Volume: 10
   Pages: 381-390
... a free-operant with a discrete-trials training format; to determine the most effective training procedure by comparing instrumental conditioning with instructional set and a control; to see if both increases and decreases in blood pressure could be brought under discriminative control, and to examine the maintenance of acquired self-control of blood pressure. A 2 X 3 design was employed in which two trial formats (free operant and discrete trials) were factorially compared with three training conditions (instrumental conditioning, instructional set, and control). Instrumental conditioning was found superior to both the instructional ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/10/10-381.Htm
Author(s): Mark R. Dixon, Janice Marley, & Eric A. Jacobs

Year:
2003
   Volume: 36
   Pages: 449-458
... condition by varying the amount of immediate money across choice trials. For the majority of participants, indifference points decreased monotonically across delays. Overall, gamblers discounted the delayed rewards more steeply than did control participants. DESCRIPTORS: gambling, delay discounting, choice, addiction, self-control, impulsivity ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/36/_36-449.HTM
Author(s): Mark R. Dixon, Eric A. Jacobs, & Scott Sanders

Year:
2006
   Volume: 39
   Pages: 413-422
... intertemporal choice. The current data suggest that empirically derived k values from delay-discounting tasks are context sensitive and are not constant across various settings for the individual. Implications for future transitional research on addictive disorders generally, and gambling specifically, are discussed. DESCRIPTORS: choice, self-control, impulsivity, delay discounting, establishing operation, gambling ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/39/_39-413.Htm
Author(s): Nancy A. Neef, David F. Bicard, Sayaka Endo, Daniel L. Coury, & Michael G. Aman

Year:
2005
   Volume: 38
   Pages: 135-146
... , placebo-controlled, counterbalanced reversal design. Reinforcer immediacy was the most influential dimension for 3 of the students and the second most influential dimension for 1 of the students across placebo and medication conditions; medication did not affect these sensitivities. DESCRIPTORS: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, self-control, impulsivity, methylphenidate, behavioral pharmacology, concurrent schedules ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/38/_38-135.htm
Author(s): Derek D. Reed & Brian K. Martens

Year:
2011
   Volume: 44
   Pages: 1-18
... in a multiple baseline design across classrooms. The parameters derived from two hyperbolic models of discounting correlated significantly with actual on-task behavior under conditions of immediate and delayed exchange. Implications of temporal discounting assessments for behavioral assessment and treatment are discussed. Key words: delay discounting, self-control, choice, behavioral economics, assessment ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/44/_44-001.htm
Author(s): Christopher J. Perrin, Neal Miller, Alayna T. Haberlin, Jonathan W. Ivy, James N. Meindl, & Nancy A. Neef

Year:
2011
   Volume: 44
   Pages: 463-474
... material was contingent on completing previous study material, studying was more evenly distributed. Overall, the mean gain in percentage correct scores on weekly in-class quizzes relative to pretests was greater during contingent access than during noncontingent access conditions. Key words: college instruction, procrastination, self-control, study habits ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/44/_44-463.htm
Author(s): Bryant, L. E., & Budd, K. S.

Year:
1982
   Volume: 15
   Pages: 259-271
... naturalistic format of the self-instructional training sessions. The level of teacher attention was controlled to rule out its effect on changes in child behavior. [Meichenbaum, D. J., Goodman, J. Training impulsive children to talk to themselves: A means of developing self-control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1971, 77, 115-126. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  3k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/15/15-259.Htm
Author(s): Mark R. Dixon & Bethany Holton

Year:
2009
   Volume: 42
   Pages: 269-275
... consequences by pathological gamblers, illustrate that the discounting of past rewards occurs in a similar fashion to the well documented literature on the discounting of future rewards, and that magnitude of discounting can be altered. DESCRIPTORS: addiction, choice, delay discounting, pathological gambling, self-control ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/42/_42-269.htm
Author(s): Goldiamond, I.

Year:
1976
   Volume: 9
   Pages: 509-514
... actually at issue is the agent who defines whether or not the response required for reinforcement has been met. In self-reinforcement, the subject himself defines this. In the laboratory, this requirement is machine-defined; in school examinations, it is teacher-defined; and in many clinical self-control situations, it is also independently defined. A reinforcement contingency presupposes such independence absent in self-reinforcement. Implications for research and practice are discussed and alternative formulations are offered. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  2k  -  URL: http://www.jeabjaba.org/abstracts/JabaAbstracts/09/9-509.Htm